Saturday, May 23, 2020

Information, Personal, And Social Media - 1303 Words

When most people leave the house everyday they are not considering the multiple ways they are being monitored. They are not contemplating whether the personal e-mail they just sent using their company’s seemingly secure private e-mail service is being screened by their employers or whether their banking activity is being monitored for patterns aligned with terrorism. Many would assume that simply having a password to access your e-mail would keep out unwelcome eyes. With technology becoming such an increasingly important aspect of our daily lives, personal and work related, many are starting to debate whether or not it is correct for an employer or the government to be able to access someone’s personal information. This includes, but is not limited to, as outlined in Charles J. Sykes essay, medical information, personal e-mail correspondence, social media account information, a person’s voice mail, what you have stored on your computer, and your credit reports (S ykes 19). Some argue that this is an infringement on a person’s right to privacy while others argue that businesses and government officials have the right and need to monitor personal information. In Chapter 3 of Are Privacy Rights Being Violated? (2006) Charles J. Sykes argues that employees’ rights to privacy are being heavily infringed upon. He states that the Freudian dream where a person arrives at school or work undressed is a direct comparison to the â€Å"†¦modern American workplace,† and argues that â€Å"Many of usShow MoreRelatedPersonal Information On Social Media756 Words   |  4 PagesSocial media allows people publish and share text, photos and videos, and it is generally contains profile with personal information. When children s news posted on social media, it can be seen to a worldwide audience if the parents forget to check the privacy setting. It sometimes brings troubles due to the kid s limited capacity of dealing with the conseque nces of the disclosure about their images, such as commercial exploitation and identity theft (ALRC Report 108, 2008, pp.2221-2236). InRead MorePosting Personal Opininions and Information on Social Media Essay729 Words   |  3 Pages Social media was created to make connecting with old friends and extended family more accessible. The sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram allow people to see what a person has been up to lately. They also allow for likeminded people to make groups and keep track of events those groups are having with ease of access so others interested can attend and help the group grow. Posting personal opinions and information on these social media sites can lead to unwanted hate or humiliation fromRead MorePersonal Information Collected Through Smart Devices, Social Media1610 Words   |  7 PagesPersonal Information Collected Through Smart Devices, Social Media ________________________________________ Abstract Introduction Consumer guides defines a smart phone as â€Å"handheld electronic device that has features of both a mobile phone and a computer†. The security issue of malware in smartphones has been an ongoing problem but the most important security issue in smartphones today is the data over collection by the apps in the smartphones. More than the information you store, the modern dayRead MoreComprehensive Legislation Of Social Media Privacy1559 Words   |  7 Pages Comprehensive Legislation to Protect Social Media Privacy Reading and Writing Workshop II, Section 007 Qiu Jin (Rachel) August 11, 2014 Comprehensive Legislation to Protect Social Media Privacy Abstract The article makes a research on both the present situation of social media users’ privacy, and the work of the FTC and other federal departments to protect social media privacy. However, without a comprehensive legislation in the federal level, the fragmentation of such trial cannotRead MoreIs Personal Privacy At Risk From Social Media?1624 Words   |  7 PagesIs personal privacy at risk due to social media? Since the creation of the first social media site in the late 1990s, over 2 billion people around the world use social media every day. Over the past decade personal and professional life have gradually become overwhelmed with social media, such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter. What all these sites have in common is that they enable people to share, communicate, connect, and build careers while enjoying their social lives. In this world, people haveRead MoreEffects Of Social Media On Employees1542 Words   |  7 Pages Effects of Social Media Lately, there has been an uprising issue concerning prospective employees being required to provide the passwords to their social media accounts on job applications. The issue is causing lots of uproar for employers searching for employees. Many people seek jobs because they are in need of the income, so those people can’t afford to let their personal decisions and opinions affect their job opportunities. Yuki Noguchi the author of the article â€Å"Can’t Ask That? Some Job InterviewersRead MoreOnline Activities And Social Media1325 Words   |  6 Pagesusers and sell it to advertisers. Advertisers then begin targeting social media users who match their profiles with online ads. As a user of social media, I often do online research on a particular topic or item I’m looking to buy to compare features and learn more about it. The next time I check my yahoo mail account, the side banner advertisements have all the items that I’ve recently searched online. It’s creepy. Social media users seem to have a false sense of privacy because it feels somewhatRead MoreSocial Media Has Cause The Security Problem855 Words   |  4 Pagescollege students will build the close relationship with their teachers and more enhancing their engagement with study through using the social media, using social media still exist some unsafely problem to the student. Using the social media will cause the security problem, such as identity thieve will stole college student’s personal information from their social media account and the threaten massage, these two things deeply negative affect their daily life. For instance, Heidi Daitch graduated fromRead MoreEthical Issues Of Social Media963 Words   |  4 PagesEthical Issues in Social Media Emerging Information Technologies are faced with numerous ethical issues. One of the most centers of ethical debate in Information Technology is social networks. Social networking has changed from a niche phenomenon to mass adoption. Although the concept of social networking was formulated in the 1960s, the advent of fast internet has sent the concept viral. Currently, social networks have been dogged with myriad ethical issues. Privacy issues are the epicenter of theseRead MoreEssay On Social Media1377 Words   |  6 PagesHow do most people use social media networks? Some people use social media as a way to get in contact with friends and family. Some people use social media as a way to advertise businesses and events. Others use it as a means of entertainment and information. The Merriam-Webster dictionary states the definition of social media as â€Å"forms of electronic communication through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content† (Merriam-Webster, 2017)

Monday, May 18, 2020

War During The Twentieth Century War Poetry Essay

Throughout the twentieth century, many poets have written about war. They have protested against it, created propaganda in support, celebrated conflict, and questioned it. War in general tends to evoke emotion in everyone, whether it is pride in a country, grief of losing a loved one, fear of the unknown, or even happiness because of a victory. On page one of Philippa Lyon’s â€Å"Twentieth Century War Poetry†, she writes,â€Å"†¦much poetry has been written by individuals (both male and female) who were not necessarily in the thick of battle.† She is saying that a lot of them poems were written by individuals with a different point of view of the war than the soldiers. Not all of war poetry was written by soldier-poets, who offer a first-hand account of what it was like and their experiences. Lyons then continues and writes, â€Å"†¦the poetry poses direct questions about motivation, intent and fairness; that is to say, about the nature, morality and politics of war.† The individuals had many questions about the war and they present those questions through poetry. It is not always seen as an individual’s hardship and struggles turned into art. Amy Lowell’s â€Å"September 1918† and Carl Sandburg’s â€Å"Grass† both describe a common theme of war, which evokes a spectrum of emotions. Lowell’s use of imagery and diction in her poem evokes a plethora of emotions. As an Imagist, she used a lot of imagery in her poems. The book â€Å"American Literature† in Funk Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia says, â€Å"TheShow MoreRelatedUniversity Of Oxford English Professor, Dr. Stuart Lee1318 Words   |  6 Pagesthat the First World War was one of the seminal moments of the twentieth century in which literate soldiers, plunged into inhuman conditions, reacted to their surroundings in poems. Lee’s statement identifies the role played by First World War poetry played in not only co mmemorating the Great War but also allowing scholars to gain an insight into the brutalities of the conflict through this literature available. This essay will agree with the statement that First World War poetry has become one ofRead MorePoetry Of Witness By Wilfred Owen1352 Words   |  6 Pages Carolyn Forchà © introduced the term ‘Poetry of Witness’ in ‘Twentieth Century Poetry of Witness’. She describes the writers of witness as â€Å"poets from all over the world who endured conditions of social and historical extremity during the twentieth century—those who suffered wars, imprisonment, military occupation, house arrest, forced exile, and political repression†. In their writings, the poets show not only that they were present at certain events of intensity, but it also allows them to displayRead MoreBeloved Poet, Shel Silverstein680 Words   |  3 PagesDo you remember reading comical poetry such as The Giving Tree during your childhood? Its author, Shel Silverstein, was one of the most recognizable children’s poets and poetry icons that has ever lived. He holds a household name due to the fact that despite his past he is able to help form a future in language, poetry, and the arts for the innovators of tomorrow. Silverste in’s works captured the essence of a person’s childhood and changed poetry and children’s literature forever. Sheldon AllanRead MoreHow Poetry Can And Can Not Say Many Things957 Words   |  4 PagesPoetry can and cannot say many things in many ways. Poetry in the Twentieth Century pertaining to the Great War or the First World War gave people an idea about what poetry could say and could not say. Poetry during the First World War would often either conceal the true nature of the conflict going on or poetry would gruesomely paint the conflict for what it was worth. Robert Brooke’s â€Å"The Solider† conceals the First World War’s ultimate brutality by claiming it as a noble endeavor, Wilfred Owen’sRead MoreElizabeth Bishop s The Waiting Room1184 Words   |  5 PagesElizabeth Bishop was considered one of the most important poets of the twentieth century. One of her greatest works was In the Waiting Room. In this somewhat autobiographical poem, Bishop tells the story of young Elizabeth’s visit to the dentist with her Aunt. While waiting Elizabeth begins to thumb through the February 1918 issue of National Geographic. She is struck with pictures of places she has never seen before and of people and cultures she could not imagine. Through this â€Å"journey† ElizabethRead MoreAnna Akhmatov The Russian Antigone1023 Words   |  5 PagesRussian Poetry in the course of the first half of the twentieth century.†(New World Encyclopedia 1). Along with being a poet, Akhmatova also wrote prose, literary scholarships, memoirs, and autobiographical pieces. In her 77 years of living Anna Akhmatova accomplished so much she went down as one of the greatest Russian poets and an inspiration for women all over the world. Anna Akhmatova, originally Anna Gorenko, was born in Odessa. A city located in Ukraine. Anna began writing poetry at the ageRead MoreThe New Negro Of The Harlem Renaissance879 Words   |  4 PagesThe New Negro Movement, also known as The Harlem Renaissance, was a time in the early twentieth century where African Americans embraced literature, music, theatre, and visual arts (Alchin). They were inspired and gave inspiration to many blacks in the community. The Great Migration was the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance – it is, where it began the most significant movement in the black history. After World War I, â€Å"more than six million African Americans† traveled from â€Å"the rural South to the citiesRead More Felicia Hemans and Jane Taylor Essay1093 Words   |  5 Pagesthe 19th century saw an emergence of female writers into the male dominated profession of poetry. Many men felt as though their profession was being invaded. They resented women entering the pu blic sphere. This mentality in part helped influence which women were able to write and what they wrote about. Felicia Hemans and Jane Taylor are both women poets that emerged during the 19th century. Both women have used their poetry to help expand on traditional notions of romantic poetry during their livesRead MoreBenefits from the Nineteenth Century were Unraveled by World War I912 Words   |  4 Pagesthe nineteenth century benefited from the fruits of artistic innovation, technological achievement, and international exchange. Unfortunately, this rich fabric of culture seemed to unravel in the Great War. During this time, many people questioned the ideas and achievements of the past, hoping to find answers that would guide them in the face of an uncertain future (The Humanities pg 1115). Artists and writers were among those who challenged the traditions of the previous centuries, and they triedRead MoreAn Analysis Of Walt Whitman And Emily Dickinson1567 Words   |  7 Pagesm ore of a Romantic writer. Nonetheless, their poems introduced new ideas and meaningful outlooks in the twentieth century, perhaps changing the world of poetry in the process. Although they both were successful, their poems were very distinct from each other in a unique way: their writing styles. Whitman’s writing style expresses many similarities with Dickinson’s writing style, such as their poetry themes and shifts from realistic to metaphoric reflections, but also contradicts with her’s through the

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

A Contract Law Problem - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1674 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Analytical essay Topics: Act Essay Contract Law Essay Did you like this example? Question 1 Issue The issue is whether the contract entered into by Harry, a clerk in the factory office is enforceable against the company. Rules A company can enter into a contract by the virtue of s124. There are several ways a company can contract with the outsiders. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "A Contract Law Problem" essay for you Create order One common way is to affix the companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s common seal as illustrated in Northside Developments Pty Ltd v Registrar-General. However according to s123(1), it is optional for the company to have a common seal. S127(1) of Corporations Act states that a common seal is not required if two directors or a director and a company secretary sign the document. There are two ways where individuals are capable of entering into contracts for the company. The first is the organic theory which refers to the organs of the company who are the directors, members and managing directors. This theory allows the company to contract directly under its name as illustrated in the case of Lennardà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Carrying Co Ltd v Asiatic Petroleum Co Ltd. The second way is more common whereby a company (principal) is allowed to appoint agents to act on behalf of the company under s126 of the Corporation Act. There are two types of authorities that agents are appointed through actual a nd apparent or ostensible authority: s126(1). An agentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s actual authority may be given expressly or not by the principal. When an actual authority comes with express instructions, this is known as express actual authority. An actual implied authority is when an authority is not expressly agreed upon between the agent and the principal and the agent can enter into contracts like a person in the same position customarily can: Hely-Hutchinson v Brayhead Ltd. An agent has apparent or ostensible authority when the person is held out by the company [s129(3)] and when outsiders have the impression that the agent has the authority to act on behalf of the company. However, this is not an actual authority but an appearance of the authority: Freeman and Lockyear v Buckhurst Park Properties (Mangal) Ltd. S128 and s129 of the Corporations Act allows the outsiders to make assumptions that the agent is complying with its companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s constitution. The outsiders will rely in good faith on the representation and Doctrine of Estoppel will apply once representation is made. Application Based on the law and facts given, when Harry did not introduce his position to Mickey, Mickey assumes under s129 that Harry has the ostensible authority customary for a factory manager and has the authority to enter into the contract with him. However there is no actual authority in this case as Harry has not been given actual authority by the directors or John and the office he holds does not customarily provide him the authority to enter into a contract on behalf of the factory manager. There are no representation to suggest that the company gave Harry an appearance of authority. Conclusion To conclude, the contract is not enforceable against Alpha Ltd and Harry can be sued for breach of warranty of authority by Solder Ltd. References Lipton, P., Herzberg, ABE Welsh, M., 2014. Understanding Company Law. (17th ed.). Australia: Thomson Reu ters. Retrieved: 20 October 2014 Corporations Act 2001. Australian Corporations Securities legislation. (2014 ed.). Australia: CCH. Retrieved: 20 October 2014 Question 2 Promotion is the period of time taken for the registration of the company. There are two types of promoters who take part in the formation, an active promoter and a passive promoter. In Twycross v Grant, a person who actively engages in the formation of a new company is known as an active promoter and the promoter can act on behalf of the company. In Tracy v Mandalay Pty Ltd, a person who does not actively engaged in the incorporation process but stood to benefit from the profits is a passive promoter. The promoter may also participate in raising share capital to maintain the business of the proposed company. A promoter owes fiduciary duties to the proposed company and potential investors. As part of the fiduciary duties, the promoter is required to act in the best interests of the company, avoid any conflicting interests, ensure full disclosure of any interests (Erlanger v New Sombrero Phosphate Co) and any personal profits (Gluckstein v Barnes) for contracts entered into. Based on the law and facts given, Larry is the party responsible for the incorporation of the company and thus satisfies the duties of an active promoter: Twycross v Grant. Larry ow es the proposed company, Lifesaver Pty Ltd and its potential investors, fiduciary duties as mentioned above. Under s131(1) of the Corporation Act, the law states that a company is bound if the contract is entered before registration and ratified within an agreeable time by both parties. This is supported in the case of Aztech Science Pty Ltd v Atlanta Aerospace. If the directors decided not to ratify Larryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s lease, the promoter who entered the pre-registration contract on behalf of the company, which is Larry will be liable for any damages in virtue of s131(2) and Bay v Illawarra Stationery Supplies Pty Ltd. Larry will have to compensate both parties whereas Lifesaver Pty Ltd will not be affected. However Larry can be released from either or all part of the liability if the company sign a letter of release [s132(1)] from the liability clause but he will not be entitled to indemnity depending on the company [s132(2)]. Lifesaver is a proprietary company as thereà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“ptyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  in the name: s148(2). A proprietary company is prohibited from issuing shares to the public except to its existing shareholders or employees [s113(3)] whereas only public company can raise funds from the public by issuing a disclosure document. Lifesaver Pty Ltd can consider issuing offers of securities that do not require disclosure documents as listed in ss 708 and 708AA such as small scale offerings which are personal offers to a small number of investors [ss 708(1)-(7)]; offers to sophisticated investors that deal with large offers [s708(8)(a) and (b)], offers to wealthy investors [s708(8)(c) and (d)] or offers to experienced investors [s708(10)]. Lifesaver is a public company as thereà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s no mention of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“ptyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  or à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“proprietaryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  in the name. As only a public company can raise funds from the public, Lifesaver can do so by issuing a disclosure document or using documents that do not require disclosure documents as listed in ss 708 and 708AA. The purpose of disclosure document is to ensure that relevant and accurate information is disclosed so investors can make informed decision on whether to accept the offer. There are four types of disclosure document à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" prospectus, short form prospectus, profile statement and offer information statement. A prospectus is the most common type of disclosure document used in practice. References Lipton, P., Herzberg, ABE Welsh, M., 2014. Understanding Company Law. (17th ed.). Australia: Thomson Reuters. Retrieved: 20 October 2014 Corporations Act 2001. Australian Corporations Securities legislation. (2014 ed.). Australia: CCH. Retrieved: 20 October 2014 Question 3 Issue The issue is to explore the various method of raising funds and whether there is a need for disclosure document in raising $11 million. Rules Companies can raise funds from the public provided that it is a public company and in order to raise funds, these companies are required t o issue a disclosure document unless otherwise exempted to do so in s708. The purpose of disclosure document is to ensure that relevant and accurate information is disclosed so investors can make informed decision on whether to accept the offer. There are four types of disclosure document à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" prospectus, short form prospectus, profile statement and offer information statement. Profile statement is not an option as it is rarely used in practice. A prospectus is the most common type of disclosure document. A prospectus is required by the Corporations act to be prepared in a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“clear, concise, and effectiveà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  way (s715A), including information required by the general disclosure test (s710), make specific disclosure required by s711 and not be misleading or deceptive [s728(1)]. A short form prospectus is a reference to the full prospectus and used to assist the general public [s712(1)]. An offer information statement (OIS) is an alternative besides the prospectus if the amount raised in a company lifetime is $10 million or less under s709. There are offers without a disclosure document as listed in s708 and s708AA. One of the offers is small scale offerings that are personal offers of securities to a small number of investors. Disclosure document is generally not required unless it has breached the 20 investors ceiling and $2 million ceiling [s 708(3) and (4)] within a 12 month period. Application Figment Ltd is a public company as thereà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s no mention of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“ptyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  or à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“proprietaryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  in the name, thus it is able to raise funds from the public. Since the company does not want to prepare a prospectus, the only option is OIS. However OIS needs a disclosure document and the amount is capped at $10 million. The company can consider the exemptions listed in s708 and s708AA that do not need a disclosure document. If the offer is to be made to soph isticated investors, professional investors, senior managers or relatives, the company can consider the requirements for the respective documents. The company can consider using one or a combination of the documents in the listed exemptions to meet their needs. However because Figment is a public company, potential investors would prefer to learn more about the company and the reason for the issue of shares, thus it would be recommended to prepare a disclosure document. Since the offer exceeds the $10 million cap for using an OIS, Figment can consider using small scale offering for the remaining $1 million since it did not breach the $2 million breach. Conclusion To conclude, the best alternative is for Figment Ltd to use OIS in raising $10 million securities and the remaining $1 million using small scale offerings that do not require disclosure document under s708. References Lipton, P., Herzberg, ABE Welsh, M., 2014. Understanding Company Law. (17th ed.). Australia : Thomson Reuters. Retrieved: 20 October 2014 Corporations Act 2001. Australian Corporations Securities legislation. (2014 ed.). Australia: CCH. Retrieved: 20 October 2014 1

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Mass Shootings Based On Radical Thinking - 1919 Words

The United States and much of the western world likes to pride themselves on being forward thinking, as well as being an open minded and an understanding place to live. However a quick look at the news and the media will show otherwise. Today in the US we have a popular presidential candidate who is very open about his blunt racism and willingness to openly discriminate against certain races. Every other day there seems to be a mention of police shooting linked to race, racial tension in universities and mass shootings based on radical thinking. If you were to take a snapshot of the American media today, you would receive a mixture of stereotypes and bias from television, and the anger and outrage on social media outlets. In this society,†¦show more content†¦The United States is viewed as the melting pot of the world, it s where multiple cultures collide. This provides people with the chance to encounter diversity that they would otherwise not get to experience, although no t everyone is welcoming of these encounters. There are those who use these encounters to fuel their own unjustified hatred and rage based on nothing more than preconceived prejudices, stereotypes, and discrimination. According to Saul McLeod (2008) prejudice is defined as having an unjustified or an incorrect negative attitude and pre-judging someone negatively due to them belonging to a certain group. Discrimination is defined as the unfair treatment that usually entails negative or harmful behavior towards members of a particular group. While according to Sabrina Keene (2010) â€Å"stereotyping is the application of an individual’s own thoughts, beliefs, and expectations onto other individuals without first obtaining factual knowledge about the individual(s).† The problem with prejudice and stereotyping is that they are misconceptions that are easy to learn. And once we have that opinion in our head that we wholeheartedly believe it becomes a schema or heuristics, w hich then becomes a default response for us. Prejudice’s are also easy to pick us as children, our environment and the people around us definitely influence our way of thinking, although not all prejudice learned as a child are maintained. The reasons that it is difficult to combat because

The Death of My Grandpa Free Essays

The sadest day in my life. When I was a child I lived with a important person for me. He was my grandfather, he was my best friend, with him I share the happinest moments of my life. We will write a custom essay sample on The Death of My Grandpa or any similar topic only for you Order Now Everything was hapiness and I lived in a beautiful world. But a horrible moment arrived and everything finished. When I recived the most confusing and sadest news in my life. One morning, my cousin arrived at my home and with her hesitant voice, she told me some news that I didn`t understand. In that moment my mom arrived and she told me that my grandfather had passed away, she said that with some sweet words, because she knew how important he was for me. I could only try understand all the things that people told me, so I went to my grandmother`s house and when I came in, the only thing I saw was the lonely bed of my grandfather; in that moment I felt a inmense sadness in my heart, that moment was when I could understand everything, that I never again my grandfather would be with me. After I had understood everything or tried to understand what had happended, my family and some friends of us met us at the church for offering emotive masss to give the last good bye to my best friend. It has been the most emotive mass that I had ever lived in my life and that I will never forget. When the mass finished, all people went together to the cementary, some men had already prepared everything. When we arrived, the men who carried to my grandfather, let us see him for last time, when I got close to my grandfather I couldn`t believe that the person that was always happy and laughing, nowwas quiet. In that moment , I felt a inmense confusion and loneliness. My parent, my grandfather and my best friend would never be with me again. That day was the sadest in my life. I know that now I have a new angel, but I lost a friend, since that moment until now, I only have memories of that friend whom I spent happy moments in my life. That day was the sadest in my life although I knew that in that moment i would have a great angel for the rest of my life How to cite The Death of My Grandpa, Papers

Commedia Dell Arte and Moliere free essay sample

During that time he had become more critical of society, and he loved to make hls plays more satirical. His stances against certain aspects of French living can be seen in his IOF4 plays: lartuTTe, agalnst tne catnollc cnurcn, I ne Mlsantnrope, agalnst tne aristocracy, and The Imaginary Invalid, against societys ignorance. Moliere loved his tragedies, but he had to write what was popular during the times. Farce and Commedia became his specialties. However, during this time France had a tight hand on theater xpecting certain aspects and allowing what stages could contain. This can be seen when Gustave Lanson says on French theater of the time, In Molieres comedy, there is an important part that Italian farce does not contain, at least for the French spectator: The painting of social conditions and relationships. This is what Moliere would have to observe and incorporate into his plays. Critics were harsh and Moliere had to comply with certain rules. We will write a custom essay sample on Commedia Dell Arte and Moliere or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Through his life he was able to establish plays that are well-known, even today. Moliere was influenced by the famous theater form of Commedia Dell Arte which can be seen through his works. Established in Italy around 1 545, Commedia Dell Arte was a form of theater which had very distinctive characteristics that make it an individual art form. One way that individualized this art form is the use of improvisation and a lack of authorship. The more freedom an actor had the more farce and whimsical a play could appear. A recognition of the unique aspects of the Commedia Dell Arte with its emphasis on movement, gestures, [and] rhythmic action (Bertram-cox, 302) is an attribute that the actors and audience embers both adore in this comedy based theater form. Another attribute that makes Commedia individualized is the use of specific characters. There are many characters that come about and pertain to the Commedia Dell Arte form. Manners, according to Moliere, can be painted only through the portrayals of characters (Bertam-Cox, 304). The importance of characters is highly regarded in Commedia and used by Moliere. These characters are usually two forbidden lovers, the servant (sometimes intelligent and sometimes triumphs because of dumb luck) that helps the two lovers, and the two older men that are forbidding the lovers from eing together. These characters and their behaviors are what drive the play. The mistakes and desires that constitute each character drives the plot line and makes it light-hearted and easy to watch. A final attribute that pertains to Commedia Dell Arte is the story line of Romance. Love is what drives the characters, and this makes each plot line in the character strive to obtain, more than likely, a forbidden love. Each story ends up in a happy ending. These are much like the common day romantic comedies. The zany character would often help his master obtain their love with isguises or elaborate schemes. Sometimes there would be alternative motives for the servant, but with confusion and misgivings it all ended well in the end with a laugh. This makes up Commedia Dell Arte. The theater form of Commedia Dell Arte had a very basic structure that could be adhered to. These three elements make up what is Commedia Dell Art which is still enjoyed today for its whimsical, farce based, lightheartedness. Moliere saw its popularity and used it while still trying to stick to the French style of theater that was also happening during this time. Tartuffe is robably the most famous work done by Moliere. It was written in the middle of his writing career, thus, it has still a lot of influence from Commedia Dell Arte of the three most famous of his plays. In Gutwirths essay on Tarfuffe and the Mysteries, we see the prominence of the play during its time when he states Tartuffe first saw the light of day as a three-act entertainment gracing one of Louis XIVs most resplendent court spectacles (6 twlrtn 33). However, It does stray Trom tne structure. wrltten into this play is an attach upon the clergy of the time. Moliere loved to make political tatements underlying his comedies. This play is about a clergyman staying with a family because of the fathers devotion and infatuation instead of to his religion. There Tartuffe, the clerical protagonist, makes advances upon the women and abuses his power. With Orgon, the master of the house, obsessed with Tartuffe it is hard for the rest of the family members to show his treachery. This is a political statement to show the abuse of power that was happening within the church during this time.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities †

Question: Discuss about the Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities System. Answer: Introduction: The purpose of this essay is to provide a brief overview about the social perspectives related to the social determinants of health. Social perspectives of health refer to condition under that the people in a community are born, grown and live etc. It refers to the circumstances that are shaped for people living in the society by the way of circulation of income, control, and resources at global as well as local levels. This process mainly explains about the health inequalities which is the unfair and unavoidable different in health. These are also linked to the economy and the social conditions present in the environment. There is difference in health status of different people that creates an impact on their wellbeing as well. The social determinants should support the health of people in the society so as to bring equality in the society (Ferrer, 2018). Further, the below mentioned essay provides a brief explains of the two sociological theories that explains social determinants o f health and their comparison with the medical model of health. The conflict theory explains about the economic and political structures present in the society that creates social division, inequality and conflicts. The conflict theory is a perspective of the social, material or political inequality of a group that affects the wellness and ideology of a person present in the society. In the traditional times, sociologists argues on conflict theory that the society and the economy creates social divisions and class that produce conflicts and then reproduce them as well. Some theories explain that the conflict theory ideological thought of people but it is now believed that this theory is not based on the peace and conflicts studies of society (Rubin, 2016). Further, the conflict theory is somewhat related to the theory defined by Karl Marx. Marx explained that the conflict theory mainly relates to the Marxism; this aspect suggested that capitalism (socio-economic system which includes the private ownership of resources) like the other socioeconomic system creates a predictable tension under a person which leads to self-destruction. Further, Marx also explained a radical change and revolution in the society which explained the freedom from ruling classes in the society. Further, he also explained the ways in which the society was shaped; the community in which people live is suppressed by the capitalist people who initiate all the operations and decisions in the community (Pacquiao, 2016). Relating it to the private property right, just as people see that the property that they hold is now going to be forwarded to their children which is a natural process, so many people present in the capitalist society believes that a rich person has e arned reputation in the society by working hard and educating themselves properly, while the poor people are lacking skills and caliber. After looking this type of assumption, Marx rejected the prevailing culture and thinking of people. As, the traditional thinking of people explained the social problems as the shortcoming of personalities not the defects in the society (Smith, 2016). If a person in the society is unable to attain good health or proper education then it is not their fault, nor they inherited it from their ancestors but it is the issues present in the society that are stopping them from growth. Under this theory, the practitioner Marx wanted create differentiation in the society by creating class consciousness under which people believe that all of them are unified and they cannot be differentiated as per capitalist society. The main aim of this theory was to rise upon in contradiction of the capitalist society and overthrow it from the society in which they live. Tw o other theorists also explained their views on the conflict theory namely the American sociologist and paleontologist Lester F. Ward (18411913) and Polish-Austrian sociologist political theorist Ludwig Gumplowicz and (18381909). Both of the people developed their view of the theories independently but their thinking was mostly common and correct approach for the society. They focused on the anthropological and evolutionary aspects not just the economic point of view (Garg, Boynton-Jarrett, Dworkin, 2016). Wright Mills is viewed as a founder of modern conflict theory, according to him social structure is created by conflicts between people having different opinions and resources in the society. And in turn the resources and individual are influenced by the social structure. So, this activity happens in a circular motion where both aspects are dependent on each other. Do, it should be noted, that no actions should be taken in the society that increase the destruction and conflicts. The Marxism theory is associated with this case but it is not dependent on a single status (Strauss, 2017). Another approach that is related to the social determinants of health is the symbolic interactionism approach. Under this approach, the main emphasis is laid on the health and as a social construction. This states that various corporal and psychological conditions do not have objective reality but they are measured to be healthy or ill only when they are exclaimed by the society and its people. The symptoms stated by people define their illness or wellness. Thus, it should be noted that health and illness are socially constructed by people; it depends upon their actions and activities that shows and determines their state of health. People suffering from hyperactive disorder tend to explain their problem in more elaborative ways which makes people think that they are suffering from major issues and it is also declared by them. The symbolic interactionists believe that objects attain their identity only through the interaction initiated between people that bring output to things (Baum , 2016). Further, it should be noted that under this theory the interactionists mainly works on the ways to find out the causes to illness in a person. The medical term medicalization of deviance refers to the state of a person when bad behavior changes into sick behavior and demedicalization refers to the process under which sick actions is standardized again. Medicalization and demedicalization affect who replies to the patient, how people answer to patients and how people see the person accountability of a patient (Barker, Quennerstedt, Annerstedt, 2015). Relating it to an example it should be noted that in earlier times, people who used to drink a lot were categorized as bad and lazy people and they proclaimed as drunks. But now in the current era, this habit of excessively drinking is found in most of the people which are now defined as a disease or a hereditary tendency to addiction (Denzin, 2017). Further, by understanding alcoholism as a disease but not as personal wish, the fact app eared to be more understanding. Thus, in this way badness was transformed into illness. Lastly, it should also be noted that as interactionism is subjective to the behavior of people, so when the activities are defined as illness then the pharmacological corporations make money by treating such illness which are not even illness (Nicholls, et. al., 2016). Relating the above two models with the medical model of health, it should be noted that both the aspects and their models have different approaches to rectify the wellness and wellbeing of people present in the society. Under the medical model of health, it is believed that illness of a person can only be treated through medication; there are no other ways to treat a person. Drugs and medicines are important for the patients as they only will cure the diseases of the person. Also, it should be noted that this model does not looks for the cause of the issues like social model instead they only believes in curing the disease through bio-medical ways (Charkazi, et. al., 2014). Contradicting to this, the social models explained above (conflict and symbolic) focus on cause and the ways that define the problem of illness of a person. These model states that there are many other reasons apart from the medical issues that can cause illness in a person like economies present in the environmen t, poverty, personal opinions etc. Further, under the medical model, the doctor examines the health of patient and provides them drugs accordingly they do not look for the cause of the disease. For instance, if a person is suffering from the problem of insomniac, this is not an actual problem but there can be various reasons due to which a person is unable to sleep like tension, stress etc. So, under the medical model the doctor will provide sleeping pills to the patient so that they can sleep properly but under the social model the symbolic interactionists model will determine the case and reason due to which the person is feeling insomniac and cure them accordingly (Mackelprang, Salsgiver, 2016). Thus, in the limelight of above mentioned events it should be noted that all the models have their different use and significance at different place. Some cases can treated through social model while other requires medical attention. So, the above mentioned essay explains the difference in these models. References Barker, D., Quennerstedt, M., Annerstedt, C. (2015). 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